THE FINAL SERMON

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THE FINAL SERMON:

After praising, and thanking God, the
Prophet, may God send His praises upon
him said:

“O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I
know not whether after this year, I shall
ever be amongst you again. Therefore,
listen to what I am saying to you very
carefully and take these words to those
who could not be present here today.

O People, just as you regard this month,
this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the
life and property of every Muslim as a
sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to
you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one
so that no one may hurt you. Remember
that you will indeed meet your Lord, and
that He will indeed reckon your deeds.

God
has forbidden you to take usury (interest),
therefore all interest obligation shall
henceforth be waived. Your capital,
however, is yours to keep. You will neither
inflict nor suffer any inequity. God has
Judged that there shall be no interest, and
that all the interest due to Abbas ibn Abd’al
Muttalib shall henceforth be waived…
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your
religion. He has lost all hope that he will
ever be able to lead you astray in big
things, so beware of following him in small
things.

O People, it is true that you have certain
rights with regard to your women, but
they also have rights over you.

Remember
that you have taken them as your wives
only under a trust from God and with His
permission. If they abide by your right
then to them belongs the right to be fed
and clothed in kindness. Do treat your
women well and be kind to them for they
are your partners and committed helpers.
And it is your right that they do not make
friends with any one of whom you do not
approve, as well as never to be unchaste.

O People, listen to me in earnest, worship
God, perform your five daily prayers, fast
during the month of Ramadan, and offer
Zakat. Perform Hajj if you have the means.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve. An
Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab,
nor does a non-Arab have any superiority
over an Arab; white has no superiority
over black, nor does a black have any
superiority over white; [none have
superiority over another] except by piety
and good action. Learn that every Muslim
is a brother to every Muslim and that the
Muslims constitute one brotherhood.
Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim
which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it
was given freely and willingly. Do not,
therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear
before God and answer for your deeds. So
beware, do not stray from the path of
righteousness after I am gone.

O People, no prophet or apostle will come
after me, and no new faith will be born.
Reason well, therefore, O people, and
understand words which I convey to you. I
leave behind me two things, the Quran and
my example, the Sunnah, and if you follow
these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my
words to others and those to others again;
and it may be that the last ones
understand my words better than those
who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O
God, that I have conveyed your message to
your people.”

Thus the beloved Prophet completed his
Final Sermon, and upon it, near the
summit of Arafat, the revelation came
down:
“…This day have I perfected your religion
for you, completed My Grace upon you,
and have chosen Islam for you as your
religion…” (Quran 5:3)

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